:Оперантное формирование – краткий конспект
По ссылке от anglerhood прочитал A Brief Survey of Operant Behavior.
Очень интересно и компактно. Краткий список используемых понятий:
In operant conditioning, behavior is also affected by its consequences.
The behavior has been strengthened or reinforced by a single consequence.
The behavior is said to have been extinguished.
The rat has formed a discrimination between light and dark.
If only weak responses are reinforced, it eventually responds only very weakly. The process is called differentiation
complex responses can be shaped by reinforcing their component parts separately
Schedules of reinforcement:
fixed-interval vs. variable-interval
fixed-ratio vs. variable-ratio
И наконец самое сильное место:
Personal freedom also seems threatened. It is only the feeling of freedom, however, which is affected.
Those who respond because their behavior has had positively reinforcing consequences usually feel free. They seem to be doing what they want to do.
Those who respond because the reinforcement has been negative and who are therefore avoiding or escaping from punishment are doing what they have to do and do not feel free.
These distinctions do not involve the fact of freedom.